What you need to know about Giardia
Giardia is a protozoan parasite that affects many animals, as well as dogs and humans. It is considered to be zoonotic diseases as it is transmitted from animals to humans. In dogs and humans, a common symptom of the infection is diarrhoea.
What Is Giardia?
Giardia acellular parasite their square measure various species of a flagellated protozoan. It exists in 2 forms- trophozoites and cysts. The trophozoite is the active type it has long whip-like appendages referred to as flagella, that enables them to swim throughout the intestines of the host. Usually, the trophozoites attach to and injury cells within the intestine, which ends up in maldigestion, absorption, and diarrhoea.
How Dogs Get Giardia?
Giardia is shed within the stool of infected animals. The parasite can survive within the atmosphere for days to months depending on the conditions. The cysts thrive in cold water, living for one to a few months. They’ll survive in cooler soil temperatures for up to seven weeks and a couple of weeks in hotter soil or on surfaces.
Dogs and puppies contract Giardia by drinking contaminated water, soil, or self-grooming once coming back into contact with another contaminated material. Humans typically get infected once coming back to bear with body waste or drinking contaminated water. Luckily, proof shows that dog-to-human transmission of flagellated protozoan is rare.
Signs of Giardia in Dogs
Many dogs with flagellated protozoan don’t have any symptoms, however, the most common sign is diarrhoea, which can be pale and malodorous and wind may additionally occur. Some dogs show general unease, lethargy, and loss of appetite. A less common sign of the infection is reflex. If left untreated, the protozoal infection will cause weight loss, hungriness, dehydration and death.
If you notice these signs in your dog, contact your vet. Your veterinarian will take a look specifically for flagellated protozoan if your dog is sick. However, routine screening is advisable. The disease can be detected in several ways.
Direct faecal smear: recent stool is mixed with saline and examined microscopically. Faecal flotation with centrifugation: stool is mixed with a special salt/sugar solution and centrifuged (spun during a special machine at high speed).
Most veterinarians will take a look at a sample in-house for quick results. A combination of tests of faecal samples collected on different days is required before the protozoal infection is diagnosed. Antiprotozoal is commonly used to treat the infection in dogs.
Regardless of the medical treatment used, you need to do your best to eliminate the disease from your dog’s environment. This will prevent other animals (including humans) from getting the infection or getting reinfected.
Scoop the yard a minimum of one to two times daily. Eliminate any standing water within the yard. Sadly, it is difficult to completely cleanse the yard, however, keeping it clean minimizes the chance of reinfection. Affected dogs once diagnosed need to be washed daily to get rid of body waste and cysts from their fur, until the treatment is completed. Bedding and surfaces need to be washed throughout regularly. Make sure to follow the instructions of your vet.
If you are concerned that your animal might have the disease or they have been in contact with a contaminated area get in touch with us.Contact